Your Sport Performance
Find your optimal balance between Health, Performance and Recovery
No matter what you strive for with your training, the overall goal is always wellness. Daring to take physical challenges while maintaining a healthy work/ life balance can be difficult. Whether you’re a “weekend warrior” or professional athlete, understanding your health is key to making the most of your training and exercise.
Biomarkers can provide real data about your body and how you are responding to exercise. It helps you to push the limits without reaching breaking-point and to ensure you have what you need to reach your peak.
Athletes often exercise long and hard so they improve. Despite feeling tired they want to train more. They often believe that by doing more than others allow them to be successful. Overtraining syndrome or burnout frequently occurs in athletes who are training for competition or a specific challenge and train beyond the body’s ability to recover. They may experience fatigue, lack of motivation, lack of sleep, loss of appetite, frequent infections among others symptoms. This performance decline can be triggered by several factors such as:
- poor nutrition or nutritional deficiencies (e.g. minerals, vitamins, carbohydrates, proteins, energy and fluid intake);
- infectious disease;
- endocrine disorder; or
- CVD disease.
Having access to real data is essential to reduce the chances of illness, optimising performance and increasing recovery.
This includes nutritional and metabolic health and hydration status biomarkers.
Includes muscle status, energy, cardiovascular endurance performance and oxygen carrying capacity biomarkers.
Includes inflammation, immunity and injury status & risk biomarkers.
Sports Performance Health Screening
*Check discount availability at your sports group or association
- Vitamin D €30 Testosterone €15 Vitamin B12 €20 Folate €20
Sports Performance Screening
Download leaflet here
This package offers a baseline of tests results and interpretation, of performance-related health markers. It allows you to identify areas for improvement, and whether you are doing everything in your power to maximize your sports performance potential. The screening package measures:
Blood pressure – this reading consists of two number. The first measures the systolic pressure in the arteries when the heart beats and the second measures the diastolic pressure in the arteries between beats.
BMI (Body Mass Index) – a calculation of your size considering height and weight.
Calcium and Magnesium – structurally important in bones and teeth. Their measurement helps to screen for conditions relating to bones, heart, nerves, muscle, kidneys and intracellular communication. Low calcium and iron have been associated with increased injury risk, specifically lower extremity stress fractures.
Iron – another essential mineral used for haemoglobin synthesis and subsequently oxygen transport. It is involved in the production of proteins and affects physical performance. Lack of iron is prevalent in athletes and associated with iron deficiency anaemia. This can be caused by several disease or conditions.
Red blood cell markers may provide an early indication of nutritional deficiencies and give an indication of oxygen-carrying capacity. Red blood cell indices (MCV, MCH, MCHC) describe the size and haemoglobin concentration of red blood cells. Abnormalities in the red blood cell indices may suggest iron, vitamin B12, or folate deficiency.
Creatine kinase – a muscle damage markers. Its assessment helps to detect and monitor muscle damage.
Electrolytes salts such as sodium, potassium and chloride are part of the renal function tests. They help to maintain the fluids and acid/base balance in the body.
When dehydrated, the reabsorption of waste products such a urea in the kidney increases. The ratio of urea to creatinine has been used as a strong indicator of hydration state. Moreover, an increase of urea may indicate a catabolic state (protein degradation) or exhaustive exercise training. Lower urea, like in low proteins, may be due to low protein intake, malnutrition starvation, or impaired metabolic activity in the liver.
Creatinine is a kidney function test. It is a degradation product that comes from muscle tissue. The kidney function tests are used to screen for kidney disease.
Uric acid is another test that belongs to kidney function. Excessive uric acid is associated with oxidative stress produced and influence muscle mass reduction. Moreover, affects kidney function, increases the risk of CVD and gout.
Ferritin is the major iron storage protein for the body. Its concentration is directly related to the total iron stores in the body, resulting in a sensitive and reliable test in the evaluation of iron status. It’s also a (positive acute phase) protein that increases during inflammation.
Total proteins and albumin, your serum protein level, are typically low if you are malnourished, so it is commonly used as a nutrition and dehydration marker. Other blood protein levels such as globulins are also used to assess nutritional and immunity status. Albumin is also a (negative acute phase) protein that helps to assess inflammation.
Glucose functions as the primary energy source. Unlike fats and proteins, glucose functions solely for providing energy to cells. Circulating glucose levels during exercise depend on energy status, food intake, event intensity, and glycogen storage levels.
Lipids profile include several tests to assess lipids metabolism. Fats are used as a primary energy source in endurance events or when carbohydrate supply is low. Dietary and lifestyle factors influence lipid profiles. It helps to evaluate the general health and nutritional status. Derived from these analyses, the calculated “Castelli index” estimates your cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk.
CRP is an inflammatory marker that aids in the interpretation of ferritin and is a marker of tissue damage and overtraining.
Thyroid function tests include measurement of the levels of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) and free thyroxine (FT4) which are important in the control of the body’s metabolism and energy levels.
Liver function tests measure the levels of liver enzymes (i.e. alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), Gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT)) and, bilirubin (i.e. total, unconjugated and conjugated).
Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation (SCORE) is a 10-year risk estimation for fatal cardiovascular disease (CVD) based on several variables including gender, age, lipids level, blood pressure and smoking habits. It is used for risk assessment in adults without symptoms and without evidence of CVD.
Complete blood counts (CBC) analyses size, shape, colour and quantity of the white and red cells and the platelets in our blood. A CBC is frequently used to check for anaemia, blood disorders, infection and several other disorders.
Infectious Mononucleosis (IM) is caused by the Epstein-Barr virus, which is a member of the herpesvirus family. Symptoms of IM are fever, sore throat and swollen lymph glands. In very rare cases, heart or central nervous system problems may occur. Diagnosis of IM is made based on the presence of heterophile antibodies.
Urine analysis, or shortened “urinalysis”, identifies and measures some of the by-products of normal and abnormal metabolism (digestion), cells, cell fragments, and bacteria in urine. Urinalysis is performed to help in the diagnosis of various diseases and conditions.
The following tests can be added to this package at a discounted rate:
Vitamin D levels reflect nutritional status, malabsorption or lack of exposure to sunlight. It plays a role in the formation and maintenance of healthy bones. Vitamin D metabolites are derived from dietary ergocalciferol (VitD2) or endogenously produced, by exposure of the skin to sunlight,
Vitamin B12, also called cobalamin, is one of the B vitamins that has a key role in the formation and maturation of red blood cells. It is involved in the metabolism of the cells, especially affecting DNA synthesis, fatty acid and amino acid metabolism. B12 deficiency may lead to fatigue, anaemia, cognitive impairment and immune deficiencies. Such deficiencies are often caused by low intakes, but can also result from malabsorption, certain intestinal disorders, low presence of binding proteins, and certain medication.
Folate is an essential member of the B vitamins. It refers to forms known as folic acid and vitamin B9. Its deficiency is most commonly due to insufficient intake. Approximately 20% of the folate absorbed daily comes from the diet; the rest is synthesised by intestinal microorganisms. The principal food sources of folate are liver, spinach, dark green leafy vegetables, legumes, such as beans and orange juice. Folic acid is essential for the body to make DNA, RNA, hormones, neurotransmitters, membrane lipids and proteins which are required for cell division. Unhealthy diets that do not include enough fruits and vegetables and conditions associated with malabsorption such as celiac disease, Crohn’s disease, and cystic fibrosis can lead to folate deficiency. This can result in a type of anaemia characterised by low numbers of large red blood cells.
Testosterone is a sex hormone produced mainly by the testicles. Chronic low levels
Unless you are diabetic or pregnant, we recommend that you fast (not eat any food) for at least 8-10 hours. Do drink water while fasting and continue with any prescribed medications following your doctor instructions. Ideally, you should be on a stable diet for two weeks prior to the taking of the blood sample.
A small amount of blood will be drawn by experienced staff from a vein in your arm using a needle. The procedure is quick and easy. Rarely, some people may feel faint or dizzy while having the blood taken and you may need to lie down to help you to feel better. The procedure may cause some minor discomfort and a small bruise may develop in the area where the needle was inserted. Press over the site where the needle was inserted, keeping your arm straight to reduce the likelihood of bruise formation. If you develop redness or inflammation in the same area, seek your doctor for advice.
A urine sample is required which should be taken first thing in the morning. We can provide you with a container. Please write your name, date of birth, and date and time of the sample taken on the container and bring it to us for examination.
If you have any questions, contact us and we will let you know how to prepare for your blood tests.
An abnormal finding may (but not necessarily) indicate a problem that needs to be addressed. We recommend that any abnormal result should promptly be consulted with your GP. Your doctor will evaluate the test results in the context of an overall clinical picture that takes into consideration your age, gender, ethnicity, family history, signs, symptoms, etc.
If you want to learn more about how the results of your laboratory test help your doctor in understanding your health status, and in providing you with the right treatment, check https://labtestsonline.org, a public resource on lab tests that is produced by AACC, a global scientific and medical professional organization dedicated to clinical laboratory science and its application to healthcare. You can also visit for information about health conditions. Please note that this information should not be a substitute for a consultation with your doctor.
Please contact us, we will be happy to clarify any questions pertaining to your test results.