Height, weight & body mass index
Blood pressure measurement
SCORE risk estimation
Lipoprotein a (Lpa)
CVD Health Screening
This screening package includes:
Height, weight and body mass index (BMI) calculation.
Blood pressure measurement and evaluation.
Lipids profile: Total cholesterol measurement alone cannot accurately predict the risk of CVD. The addition of other tests like high-density lipoprotein (HDL “good cholesterol”), low-density lipoprotein (LDL “bad cholesterol”), very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) and triglycerides help to assess the risk of atherosclerosis and of developing heart disease, stroke or related cardiovascular diseases. HDL is not cholesterol, it’s a particle that carries cholesterol and other lipids from the body to the liver to be excreted. LDL is not cholesterol either but a particle that carries cholesterol and other lipids through blood vessel walls and causes atherosclerosis.
SCORE calculation risk estimation for heart attack and stroke. The SCORE (Systematic COronary Risk Evaluation) is a CVD risk assessment estimation developed by the European Society of Cardiology. It is based on the following risk factors: gender, age, smoking, systolic blood pressure, total cholesterol. SCORE estimates fatal cardiovascular disease events over a ten-year period.
C-reactive protein (CRP) is a protein in the blood that increases with inflammation. As atherosclerosis is an inflammatory process, hsCRP identifies low levels of inflammation in the arteries which are associated with an increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease.
Lp(a) measurement is useful in assessing CVD risk and in evaluating the lipid metabolism. Its levels are genetically determined, remain constant, and are not affected by lifestyle. Lp (a) is an independent risk factor for CVD.
Apo B lipoprotein is the main protein component of atherogenic lipoproteins like LDL. Its measurement offers useful information in assessing risk in patients who have a family history of early heart disease, especially if their total and LDL cholesterol values are not significantly elevated.
Apo A1 lipoprotein is the main protein component of HDL particles. Its measurement is often used as a biomarker for prediction of CVD. As both ApoB and ApoA1 are strongly associated with CVD, their ratio apoB/apoA1 have a strong predictive value in predicting this risk.
Homocysteine is an amino acid which synthesis is dependent on folate, vitamin B6, and vitamin B12. High levels of homocysteine have been thought to be an independent risk factor for CVD, the occurrence of blood clots, heart attacks and strokes even when the traditional risk factors, such as unhealthy lipid levels, are not present. The precise role of homocysteine in increasing the risk for CVD remains unclear. It is most likely an indicator of poor lifestyle and diet.
Our heart is a vital organ that pumps blood throughout a network of blood vessels in the body. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) involves the heart and the network of blood vessels and includes coronary heart disease (CHD) or coronary artery disease (CAD). CVD disease is the leading cause of death in Ireland and is responsible for a reduced quality of life and to significant costs to our community.
The underlying mechanisms involved in the development of CVD involve atherosclerosis, a disease of the arteries characterised by the deposition of fat and the formation of an inflammatory plaque on their inner walls lining. This fat deposition can be caused by high blood cholesterol levels, high blood pressure, diabetes, and overweight and obesity. In addition, these risks increase with age and are worsen by a lack of physical activity, smoking, poor diet and excessive alcohol consumption. It is estimated that up to 90% of CVD is preventable if early established risk factors are avoided and managed.
If you have a strong family history of premature heart disease and present other risk factors such as smoking, overweight or obesity, low physical activity, high blood pressure among others, you could use this health screening package to assess your current risk factors for CVD.
Tests on blood
Unless you are diabetic, we recommend that you fast (not eat any food) for at least 8-10 hours. Do drink water while fasting and continue with any prescribed medications following your doctor instructions. Ideally, you should be on a stable diet for two weeks prior to the taking of the blood sample. If you have any question, contact us and we will let you know how to prepare for your blood tests.
A small amount of blood will be drawn by trained staff from a vein in your arm using a needle. The procedure is quick and easy. Rarely, some people may feel faint or dizzy while having the blood taken and you may need to lie down to help you to feel better. The procedure may cause some minor discomfort and a small bruise may develop in the area where the needle was inserted. Press over the site where the needle was inserted, keeping your arm straight to reduce likelihood of bruise formation. If you develop redness or inflammation in the same area, seek your doctor for advice.
A laboratory test result is produced after a scientific analysis done on a sample to assess an individual health status.
An abnormal finding may (but not necessarily) indicate a problem that needs to be addressed. We recommend that any abnormal result should promptly be consulted with your GP. Your doctor will evaluate the test results in the context of an overall clinical picture that takes into consideration your age, gender, ethnicity, family history, signs, symptoms, etc.
If you want to learn more how the results of your laboratory test help your doctor in understanding your health status, and in providing you with the right treatment; check labtestsonline.org. Or visit irishheart.ie or croi.ie if you want to learn more about heart disease, or visit http://patient.info for information about health conditions. Please note that this information should not be a substitute for a consultation with your doctor.
Please contact us, we will be happy to clarify any questions pertaining to your test results.
Book here your appointment today